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The people of the Free State of Saxony are known for being warm-hearted and easy-going.
Saxony was re-founded after reunification in 1990 by merging the former GDR districts of Leipzig, Dresden and Chemnitz. It is now the most populous of Germany’s “new” federal states. Since 1991 the Neisse-Nisa-Nysa Euroregion has provided a framework for the close relations Saxony maintains with its immediate neighbours, Poland and the Czech Republic. Saxony’s most important economic sectors include construction, skilled crafts, the automotive industry and commerce. But also industry, where Saxony chalks up growth rates which are amongst Germany’s highest, is an important economic pillar. The Free State of Saxony boasts five universities, five colleges of art and five universities of applied science. The University of Leipzig is the second oldest university in Germany with an uninterrupted history, but Saxony is also home to newer institutions such as the IHI Zittau.
Bach, Baroque and the blue swords made famous by Meissen porcelain are the most famous examples of what Saxony’s culture has to offer. But there is more to discover such as the Semperoper, the Staatsschauspiel and the Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden. Leipzig and Dresden have both developed a lively club and youth culture scene. The Leipzig Book Fair, founded in the 17th century, is the second largest in Germany. But there is more to Saxony than the big cities. It also boasts picturesque landscapes such as the Erzgebirge and Saxon Switzerland which draw countless tourists.
With kind permission of the Bundesrat (January 2013)